Friday, April 12, 2013

Rhinitis – Child allergies

What is Rhinitis?

Allergic rhinitis is an inflammation of the nasal mucosa upon contact with an allergen. Rhinitis is one of the most common allergic conditions.

Allergic rhinitis occurs in individuals who are allergic to an inhalant that inflames the nasal mucosa them when I breathe: dust mites, animal hair or dander, mold, pollen

Rhinitis can be classified in two ways:

According to the duration of symptoms: seasonal or chronic
Depending on the severity of symptoms: mild, moderate or severe

Rhinitis – Child allergies

The symptoms of allergic rhinitis are similar to those of a common cold but no fever. Furthermore, the duration may be longer, even chronic.

The main symptoms are:
Nasal itching
Nasal obstruction (feeling of stuffy nose)
Watery rhinorrhea (Aguilla steady decline as the nose)

In some cases rhinitis may be associated with allergic conjunctivitis in this case is called rhino conjunctivitis. The symptoms described above are added ocular itching, tearing, redness and crusting transparent.

The diagnosis is made by the allergist through allergy testing and determines what causes rhinitis.

The main treatment is to avoid the allergen with the measures that advises the allergist or pediatrician.

To control symptoms antihistamines and corticosteroids are used spray.

In some cases recommended allergy shots or immune therapy that manages very low doses of the allergen to desensitize the child and minimize the symptoms when it is exposed to the allergen. Rhinitis treatment may last longer than 3-5 years.


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